It has been an exciting year for design and public policy in Taipei, this year’s World Design Capital (WDC), a designation by the International Council of Societies of Industrial Design that recognizes a city’s “innovative use of design for economic, social and cultural development and to showcase effective design-led revitalization strategies and projects that other cities can benefit from.” Under the banner “Adaptive City – Design in Motion”, WDC Taipei 2016 has connected people with design by making creative products and projects a visible presence in the lives of the city’s denizens. Showing why the World Design Capital title is well-deserved, the year-long program has highlighted the talents of the island nation’s artists and designers with activities like The Square, an exhibition dedicated to innovations in environmental sustainability by young designers; a travel app developed for the CET (Creative Expo Taiwan) Fringe Shop program that interprets city neighborhoods as experiential spaces for creativity and highlights exceptional design and innovation around the city; and YODEX (Young Designers’ Exhibition) in which 9000 students presented 4000 undergraduate design projects. Additionally, WDC Taipei has challenged creative minds with projects such as Design Station, a redesign of Taipei MRT’s public notices and an open call for “carefully researched social design interventions” that revolutionize food production, product consumption, elderly care, and public recreation facilities.
Things kick into high gear this month with three signature public events that display how Taipei has transformed into a model city that incorporates design thinking into public policy and explore the role design can play for other cities. “October will be a defining month for the World Design Capital Taipei 2016,” says Pei-ni Beatrice Hsieh, Commissioner of the Department of Cultural Affairs of the Taipei City Government. “It is an opportunity to reflect on the progress we have already made and to ignite international dialogue with other cities; to share experience and expertise. This is a chance to define a legacy for WDC Taipei 2016 that will be felt long into the future.”
International Design House Exhibition
First, the International Design House Exhibition (link to Chinese page) explores how global cities can use design to face continuing challenges of urbanization. From October 13 – 30, the public is invited to visit the six pavilions of the exhibition, located in Songshan Cultural and Creative Park.
“We hope that the International Design House Exhibition will inspire Taipei citizens and visitors to come together and share their ideas as we open a new era where design thinking and public participation drive future development,” said Hsieh.
President Tsai Ing-Wen inaugurated the exhibition with hearty support for the potential for design, World Design Capital’s mission, and Taiwanese designers. “I really hope that Taiwanese society can respect the expertise of designers and really get to know the value of design. Design can be used to change our lives, and design can be an indispensable part of improving our national strength,” she said. “World Design Capital is a very good platform for people to experience design for themselves, and for all professionals from all over the world to exchange their ideas. In addition, Taiwan designers can also broaden their horizons through this platform.”
At the opening ceremony, six cities signed a Memorandum of Understanding in order to strengthen bilateral exchange and cooperation by enhancing the promotion of design and exploring export opportunities for the design industry. The signatory parties, which included Cape Town, Eindhoven, Helsinki, Kolding, Mexico City, Phoenix, and Taipei, agreed to facilitate collaboration in design exchange, the incubation of talent, industrial support, and research and development.
In the International City Pavilion, Unfold Cities, 13 participating international cities, countries and organizations from Austria, Beijing, Cape Town, Germany, Helsinki, India, Mexico, the Netherlands, Osaka, Paris, the Philippines, Switzerland and Yokohama, showcase their design strengths and share projects that illustrate the power of design to solve urban problems.
As part of the pavilion, an interactive exhibition from Eindhoven, the Netherlands, invites visitors to design the ideal city, “Taipeindhoven”, using virtual reality software. Designers from Cape Town will showcase the Hasso Plattner Institute of Design Thinking at the University of Cape Town, also known as “D-School.” One of only three design thinking schools in the world, the institute trains university students, industry leaders, and public and private professionals, and is one of the key legacy projects of WDC Cape Town 2014.
Taipei Issuuuue, the theme of Taipei Pavilion II, curated by Agua Chou of Taipei-based studio Agua Design, showcases the results of innovative WDC Taipei 2016 projects, including the International Design Open Call and Designer in Residence programs, and explore the impact of public planning and design policies in Taipei City. The exhibition space will also be used for a series of interactive forums and workshops aiming to inspire visitors to consider problems currently faced by Taipei and help them learn how to solve them by applying design thinking methods.
“We have designed the space to feel like an Ancient Greek plaza, a place for public discussion where thinkers like Socrates or Plato would debate their ideas with other citizens,” says Chou. “So the exhibition will be a place where you can go in, you can sit, you can meet with lots of highly specialized professional people from all sorts of fields, and discuss different topics relating to the city. I think it will be fantastic—there will be people discussing the future of the city from so many different angles, tackling things they are really passionate about.”
In the Power of Taiwan Design Pavilion, curator Li Wei-Lang, the Creative Director for Afterain Design, mounts an exhibition called Breakthrough that will showcase innovation in Taiwanese design in the fields of science and technology, art and craft, and sustainability. Li explains, “In Chinese, the phrase “breakthrough” means that dripping water will eventually eventually break through a stone. Through this exhibition we hope to convey the idea that design is like dripping water, capable of eventually changing daily life.”
He continues, “The theme of ‘breakthrough’ describes changes brought forth by time, which the exhibition will interpret in several ways. The first interpretation is through time-telling objects that allow the visual appearance of passing time. The second interpretation is through changes in works over time. For instance, different materials display different transformations during the passing of time, such asoxidation. In this case, works are not yet in their ideal state when first finished, but start to display changes either in appearance or cultural significance, all realized through the passing of time. The third interpretation is accumulation. For example, the hammering of silver might require hundreds, even thousands of sessions to complete. Weaving is another example; five hours of weaving might result inone small piece of work. We quantify the time required in these processes to convey the results brought forth by the amount of time. The last interpretation is the value of old objects. Some objects might be old or require ancient techniques and craftsmanship, but can be given new life when combined with new design concepts.”
Participating companies will include local crowdfunding platform zeczec and bathroom fittings design and manufacturing firm Sheng Tai Brassware Corporation, which also owns the famous brand JUSTIME.
In Taipei Pavilion I, Page Tsou, celebrated visual artist and founder of Taipei-based studio Auspicious Design, presents Visual Taipei. This exhibition shows the blurred lines between graphic design, illustration, and art, challenging context-based perceptions of what visual art is and should do. It features over 300 works by renowned illustrators, graphic designers, and visual artists from around the world, including Jim Stoten (UK), Natsko Seki (Japan), Einar Torkowski (Germany), and Julien Pacaud (France). Twenty of these artists have been commissioned to create works reflecting their impressions of Taipei. Tsou says, “It’s interesting to see how these artists create work in their own style to show Taipei. But I think it’s also really difficult for them because Taipei is not like London or Tokyo or New York, which have some very obvious landmarks. We just have Taipei 101 but that could be very boring. It’s really hard to define what Taipei is, and it’s interesting to see how other people see this topic, not just foreigners but also people from different cities in Taiwan.” The exhibition will also feature classic Herman Miller Eames Molded Plastic Chairs printed with the works of 15 artists, and a movie theatre showing animated artworks.
Renowned Taiwanese contemporary calligraphic artist Tong Yang-Tze presents From Ink to Apparel: A Crossover between Calligraphy Art and Fashion Design. “We hope to overturn this concept of calligraphy being an ancient art only for the older generation. The younger generation should be able to participate in both its artistic appreciation and creation. This exhibition is a great opportunity to promote the art of Chinese calligraphy,” says exhibit executor Lori Liu. This collaborative exhibition will feature the works of six up-and-coming Taiwanese fashion designers: Apu Jan, Shao-yen Chen (founder of Shao Yen), Yu-ying Chou (Just In Case), Kilin Chen (Homme Van Lab), Pei-chieh Chen (Chiehms), and Shun-min Wang (Fu Yue). Tong is determined to remind people of the artistic expressiveness and cultural significance of handwritten Chinese characters and to breathe new life into traditional calligraphy.
International Design Policy Conference
On October 15 and 16, the Taipei International Convention Center hosts the first international design policy conference (link to Chinese page) in Asia with 20 top international design-related leaders, professionals, scholars, and policy makers. With sessions titled “Design for Public Policy”, “Design for Social Impact”, “Design for Future Living”, and “Design for Sustainable Cities”, forward-thinking ideas that better people’s lives, individually and as a society, through design and public policy will be explored, laying the groundwork for implementation and change for the public good around the world.
International Design Week Forum
Following the conference, on October 17 and 18 at the Taipei Fine Arts Museum, the WDC International Design Week Forum (link to Chinese page) invites established design industry figures for an introspective discussion on the influence of design exhibitions on the design industry and the cultural fabric. Sessions include “World Design Capital”, “Opening Up to the World”, and “Asia Impact”.
Article has been updated throughout. Images courtesy of World Design Capital 2016